Rich with a past dating back to millennia, Algeria is the second largest country in Africa. Profoundly shaped by History, its land reflects the richness of the civilizations and cultures, languages and skills, religions and beliefs that came to life in the universe of the Mediterranean. Whether verdant, arid, barren of fertile lands, its plains, deserts and mountains have born witness as armies of rising great empires and those f pwers in the twilight of their time came, settled and then left.
Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Byzantines, Arabs, Spaniards, Turks, French have landed in successive waves on its sun-drenched shores, trekked up its mountain peaks, barely skimmed its deserts, and ventured into the immensity of its territory. While some were transient and ephemeral, others lasted longer. But all left indelible vestiges on the perpetual revival of an Algerian identity generated by a rich history and a flourishing heritage and resolutely confident in its future.
Deeply anchored to its age-old Amazigh origins, attached to the Arab civilization and the spiritual values of Islam, contemporary Algeria has stepped into the 21st Century and faces the challenges posed by globalization.