Algeria has stood in the last half of the twentieh century as a compelling model of national liberation and develpment. The story of its march from a segmented tribal order through five generations of colonial exploitation to an eight-year war of liberation and finally to independent nationhood is of epic dimensions. It is a story laden with lessons about challenge, response, and human resiliency.
While Algeria's cultural roots go back centuries, the nation in a sociological and political sense is the product of forces that began operating only in the modern period.
Ruedy, John. Modern Algeria: The Origins and Development of a Nation. Indiana University Press.Indianapolis.1992. Second edition 2005.